Prosenjit Das Gupta was born in Calcutta in 1944 and was educated at St. Xavier’s Collegiate School and at Presidency College. He worked in commercial organisations in various capacities from 1966 to 2008. As a result of his deep interest in wildlife and tribal and folk culture, he extensively toured the tribal areas of Bastar and Odisha between 1970 and 1984, studying local folk cultures, making black and white films on folk customs and audio recordings of folk music. He donated his collection of Dhokra craft of Bastar to the Gurusaday Museum in Kolkata.
His interest in Baul songs and rural crafts started in the mid 1950s. He visited Santiniketan often during his youth and saw and heard the Bauls of old, beginning with Nabanigopal, father of Purnadas; he later recorded Kalachand Darbesh and other Bauls in the 1980s.He recorded Lai Haroba of the Manipuris when the troupe came to Calcutta in 1984 and also the Chadar Badni of the Santals. In recent years, he has also travelled to Kerala and north Karnataka, where he recorded Theyyam and Yakshagana, respectively.
A researcher and author on conservation issues and folk culture, he has authored articles and books on a range of subjects including Calcutta, his travels to tribal India, wildlife, common forest trees, economic change in India and political discourse in India. Das Gupta is a Life Member of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Crafts Council of West Bengal and Bombay Natural History Society.